The Republic of Iceland, as Iceland is officially called, comprises the main island and its outlying islets. It is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, between Greenland, Norway, Ireland, Scotland and the Faroe Islands. Its population is almost 310,000 (2007) about 118,000 of whom live in Reykjavik, the capital and largest city.
For many years Iceland was reliant on fishing and agriculture for its income, but today it is a thriving, well-developed country based on a free market economy, the main sectors being services, finance, fishing and a variety of industries.
Tourism has also become increasingly important as many people are attracted to the ruggedly beautiful scenery. Iceland is a definitely different holiday destination. A marvel of Mother Nature with an exotic landscape: a vast icecap, numerous glaciers, spouting geysers, hot springs, raging rivers and wonderful waterfalls, not to mention huge volcanoes (usually dormant). Offshore, you’re likely to spot whales and dolphins and bird lovers will be in their element when passing Puffin Island, which really does live up to its name. Located on the warm Gulf Stream, Iceland’s winters are not as cold as its name implies and its summers can be surprisingly warm. But if it is chilly, the warm Icelandic hospitality will make sure that your stay remains a happy memory.